Patrick Carnes defines addiction as, “having a pathological relationship with a mood altering chemical or behavior. Simply stated, addiction is the lack of control of some behavior or relationship.” Perhaps the most helpful definition is a practical one: behavior that has a negative effect on
Like with alcohol or drugs, the other addictions listed below fit the classic, four-component model of what comprises an addiction: Compulsivity - the loss of control over a behavior. An addict continues in the behavior or relationship despite repeated attempts to stop.
Continuation despite negative consequences
Preoccupation or obsession
Tolerance - more of the same behavior or an escalation of progressive behaviors is required to get the same “high”.
Eating disorders know no class, cultural, or gender boundaries and can affect men, women, adolescents, and even children, from all walks of life.
There are three common eating disorders: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (including Binge Eating Disorder). The three disorders have in common a preoccupation with food and an over-concern with body size and shape. All represent serious underlying emotional problems that can have life threatening consequences.
characterized by self-starvation and excessive weight loss. People diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa restrict food intake and often develop elaborate rituals and routines to avoid eating. Often they see themselves as “fat” when actually they are underweight.
a vicious cycle of binge eating (consuming food compulsively in a discreet period of time) and purging by vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, restrictive diets, diet pills, and/or compulsive exercise. People with this disorder use binge eating and purging to manage difficult feelings and are often secretive about their eating behavior.
Some examples include:
Information provided by Recovery Television by Eating Disorder Center of Denver
A substance abuse patient may not find out that drug and alcohol addiction often co-occur with other disorders, until seeking drug or alcohol addiction treatment.
What’s more, many people affected by dual diagnosis can function normally and may even appear to be fine to the outside world. But in order to help someone who might be affected by these ailments, it’s important to know that different combinations of dual diagnosis can include alcoholism and depression, opiate addiction and anxiety disorder, or cocaine and sexual addiction. Whatever the combination, each disorder worsens the other and allows the user to become dependent on both.
Almost 70% of people with drug and alcohol addictions also suffer from a mental disorder like anxiety, depression, anger or sexual addiction. It is estimated that 17.5 million Americans suffer from a mental disorder every year and about 4 million of those people also struggle with an alcohol or drug addiction.
It is reported that both mental health professionals and families of mentally ill relatives underestimate the amount of substance abuse and alcohol addiction among people in their care. This could be due to the difficulty in separating the dual diagnosis behaviors of mental illness from those of drug and alcohol addiction and abuse. There may be denial of the problem, because there has been so little information and help offered to people with dual diagnosis illnesses.
According to statistics, only 12 percent of people with a dual diagnosis receive treatment for both disorders. When a patient is only treated for one of their disorders, they may seem to progress in their recovery, but in reality, the disorder that was not treated will cause the patient to relapse. This is why treatment for both substance abuse and mental health is crucial for a patient to have a real chance at a full recovery.
Because many patients have a dual diagnosis, simply getting the drug out of their system and putting them on a new medication is not going to cut it. Dual diagnosis experts of psychiatry, psychology, and counseling not only can educate patients on how to manage their disorder, but can also provide special psychiatric therapy to heal the troubled pasts of many.
These groups are very therapeutic, allowing a person, not only to step outside themselves, but also they also support a community of acceptance and understanding (each person knows what the other is going through).
Information provided by Transitions Recovery Program
People who suspect a gambling problem in themselves, a friend, or a family member may recognize the following warning signs:
Information provided by Recovery Television by the Illinois Institute for Addiction Recovery
In recent years, largely through the pioneering work of Dr. Patrick Carnes within the secular community, and Dr. Mark Laaser within the Christian community, attention has been drawn to the often scoffed problem of sexual addiction.
The reality of an addiction to sex is gaining acceptance, much as alcoholism came to be understood as an addiction forty years ago. Programs of recovery based on the Twelve Steps originally used by Alcoholics Anonymous are rapidly expanding across the country. There have been few programs that combine sound clinical treatment with Christian principles. This gap leaves men alone to struggle with the spiritual aspects of their sexual shame.
Information provided by Faithful & True
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